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Key Publications


  1. Nell-1 protein promotes bone formation in a sheep spinal fusion model. Siu RK, Lu SS, Li W, Whang J, McNeill G, Zhang X, Wu BM, Turner AS, Seim HB III, Hoang P, Wang JC, Gertzman AA, Ting K, Soo C. Tissue Eng Part A. 2011 Apr; 17(7-8): 1123-35. Epub 2011 Feb 8.
  2. Evaluation of ABM/P-15 versus autogenous bone in a an ovine lumbar interbody fusion model. Sherman BP, Lindley EM, Turner AS, Seim HB III, Benedict J, Burger EL, Patel VV. Eur Spine J. 2010 Dec; 19(12):2156-63. Epub 2010 Aug 9. 
  3. Reduction in postlaminectomy epidural adhesion in sheep using a fibrin sealant-based medicated adhesion barrier.  Richards PJ, Turner AS, Gisler SM, Kraft S, Nuss K, Mark S, Seim HB III, Schense J. J biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2010 Feb; 92(2):439-46
  4. Evaluation of a silica-containing bone graft substitute in a vertebral defect model. Kobayashi H, Turner AS, Seim HB III, Kawamoto T, Bauer TW. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2010 Feb; 92(2):596-603
  5. Comparison of a caprolactone/lactide film (mesofol) to two polylactide film products as a barrier to postoperative peridural adhesion in an ovine dorsal laminectomy model. Klopp LS, Simon BJ, Bush JM, Enns RM, Turner AS. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jun 15;33(14):1518-26.
  6. Long-term evaluation of a calcium phosphate bone cement with carboxymethyl cellulose in a vertebral defect model. Kobayashi H, Fujishiro T, Belkoff SM, Kobayashi N, Turner AS, Seim HB 3rd, Zitelli J, Hawkins M, Bauer TW. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2009 Mar 15;88(4):880-8.
  7. Bioresorbable polylactide interbody implants in an ovine anterior cervical discectomy and fusion model: three-year results. Thomas KA, Toth JM, Crawford NR, Seim HB 3rd, Shi LL, Harris MB, Turner AS. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Apr 1; 33(7):734-42.


  1. Seasonal changes in bone metabolism in sheep: further characterization of an animal model for human osteoporosis. Turner AS. Vet J. 2007 Nov;(3):460-1. Epub 2006 Nov 28. No abstract available.
  2. Effect of dietary-induced metabolic acidosis and ovariectomy on bone mineral density and markers of bone turnover. Macleay JM, Olson JD, Turner AS. J Bone Miner Metab. 2004;22(6):561-8.
  3. Apparent viscoelastic anisotropy as measured from nondestructive oscillatory tests can reflect the presence of a flaw in cortical bone. Yeni YN, Christopherson GT, Turner AS, Les CM, Fyhrie DP. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Apr 1;69(1):124-30.
  4. Histomorphometric analysis of the effects of osteocyte density on osteonal morphology and remodeling. Metz LN, Martin RB, Turner AS. Bone. 3003 Nov; 33(5):753-9.
  5. Regeneration of bicortical defects in the iliac crest of estrogen-deficient sheep, using new biodegradable polyurethane bone graft substitutes. Gogolewski S, Goma K, Turner AS. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2006 Jun 15;77(4):802-10.
  6. Do sacrificial bones affect the viscoelastic and fracture properties of bone? Yeni YN, Kim DG, Dong XN, Turner AS, Les CM, Fyhrie DP. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2006 Feb;443:101-8.

Rotator Cuff

  1. Augmentation of a rotator cuff suture repair using rhPDGF-BB and a type I bovine collagen matrix in an ovine model. Hee CK, Dines JS, Dines DM, Roden CM, Wisner-Lynch LA, Turner AS, McGilvray KC, Lyons AS, Puttlitz CM, Santoni BG. Am J Sports Med. 2011 Aug;39(8):1630-9. Epub 2011 May 9.
  2. Biomechanical analysis of an ovine rotator cuff repair via porous patch augmentation in a chronic rupture model. Santoni BG, McGilvray KC, Lyons AS, Bansal M, Turner AS, Macgillivray JD, Coleman SH, Puttlitz CM. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Apr;38(4):679-86.
  3. rhBMP-12 accelerates healing of rotator cuff repairs in a sheep model. Seeherman HJ, Archambault JM, Rodeo SA, Turner AS, Zekas L, D'Augusta D, Li XJ, Smith E, Wozney JM. J bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Oct;90(10):2206-19.
  4. Biologic augmentation of rotator cuff tendon-healing with use of a mixture of osteoinductive growth factors. Rodeo SA, Potter HG, Kawamura S, Turner AS, Kim HJ, Atkinson BL. J Bone Joint Surg AM. 2007 Nov;89(11):2485-97.
  5. Experiences with sheep as an animal model for shoulder surgery: strengths and shortcomings. Turner AS. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2007 Sept-Oct;16(5 Suppl):S158-63. Epub 2007 May 15.
  6. An in vivo comparison of the modified Mason-Allen suture technique versus an inclined horizontal mattress suture technique with regard to tendon-to-bone healing: a biomechanical and histologic study in sheep. Schlegel TF, Hawkins RJ, Lewis CW, Turner AS. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2007 Jan-Feb;16(1):115-21. Epub 2006 Nov 16.
  7. The effects of augmentation with Swine small intestine submucosa on tendon healing under tension: histologic and mechanical evaluations in sheep. Schlegel TF, Hawkins RJ, Lewis CW, Motta T, Turner AS. Am J Sports Med. 2006 Feb;34(2):276-80. Epub 2005 Oct 6.


  1. Evaluation of effects of sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in sheep undergoing stifle surgery. Wagner AE, Mama KR, Ruehlman DL, Pelkey S, Turner AS. Lab Anim (NY). 2011 Apr;40(4):114-8.
  2. Effect of intravenous ketamine and lidocaine on isoflorane requirement in sheep undergoing orthopedic surgery. Raske TG, Pelkey S, Wagner AE, Turner AS. Lab Anim (NY). 2010 Mar;39(3):76-9.
  3. Evaluation of the effects of dietary n-3 fatty acid supplementation on the pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin in dogs with lymphoma. Selting Ka, Ogilvie GK, Gustafson DL, Long ME, Lana SE, Walton JA, Hansen RA, Turner AS, Laible I, Fettman MJ. Am J Vet Res. 2006 Jan;67(1):145-51.
  4. Intra-articular lidocaine plus bupivacaine in sheep undergoing stifle arthrotomy. Shafford HL, Hellyer PW, Turner AS. Vet Anaesth Analg. 2004 Jan;31(1):20-6.

Sports Medicine

  1. Comparison of Achilles tendon repair techniques in a sheep model using a cross-linked acellular porcine dermal patch and platelet-rich plasma fibrin matrix for augmentation. Sarrafian TL, Wang H, Hackett ES, Yao JQ, Shih MS, Ramsay HL, Turner AS. J foot Ankle Surg. 2010 Mar-Apr;49(2):128-34. Epub 2010 Feb 4.
  2. Translational models for studying meniscal repair and replacement: what they can and cannot tell us. Arnoczky SP, Cook JL, Carter T, Turner AS. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2010 Feb; 16(1):31-9. Review.
  3. Effects of (60)Co gamma radiation dose on initial structural biomechanical properties of ovine bone-patellar tendon-bone allografts. McGilvray KC, Santoni BG, Turner AS, Bogdansky S, Wheeler Dl, Puttlitz CM. Cell Tissue Bank. 2011 May; 12(2):89-98. Epub 2010 Jan 30.
  4. Hydrogel meniscal replacement in the sheep knee: preliminary evaluation of chondroprotective effects. Kelly BT, Robertson W, Potter HG, Deng XH, Turner AS, Lyman S, Warren RF, Rodeo SA. Am J Sports Med. 2007 Jan; 35(1):43-52. Epub 2006 Sep 6.
  5. Meniscal allograft transplantation in the sheep knee: evaluation of chondroprotective effects. Kelly BT, Potter HG, Deng XH, Pearle AD, Turner AS, Warren RF, Rodeo SA. Am J Sports Med. 2006 Sep;34(9):1464-77. Epub 2006 Apr 24.

Soft Tissue

  1. Evaluation of porcine hydrated dermis augmented repair in a fascial defect model. Hackett ES, Harilal D, Bowley C, Hawes M, Turner AS, Goldman SM. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2011 Jan;96(1):134-8.
  2. Evaluation of a flexible collagen surgical patch for reinforcement of a fascial defect: Experimental study in a sheep model. Sullivan EK, Kamstock DA, Turner AS, Goldman SM, Kronengold RT. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2008 Oct;87(1):88-94.
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