The ORC is developing novel imaging techniques, body fluid markers, and molecular monitoring to evaluate the pathogenesis of bone and joint disease, to provide early detection of disease processes, and to monitor therapy. The long-term goal of this focus is to prevent severe osteoarthritis or failure of joints, tendons, ligaments, and menisci.
Early Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Disease
In a large population of young cutting horses there was a high prevalence of radiographic lesions, especially in the tarsi and stifles, on pre-sale survey radiographs.
The dorsal and palmar pouches of the proximal interphalangeal joint are described in depth using MRI, contrast arthrography, and arthroscopy.
Radiographic repositories are commonly used as a predictor of future performance outcome. This study found that many radiographic changes were not correlated with performance outcomes.
Combining the standard ultrasound examination of the suspensory ligament with oblique incidence technique improves identification of the normal anatomic features of the suspensory ligament (SL).
Radiographs can be used to guide needle placement in the distal aspect of the collateral ligaments of distal interphalangeal joints. If clinically indicated this technique can be used to facilitate intra-lesional therapy for treatment of collateral ligament injury.